Hobbit-Like Primitive Man Found in Flores Island

Scientists have found skeletons of a hobbit-like species of human that grew no larger than a three-year-old modern child. The tiny humans had skulls about the size of grapefruits, lived with pygmy elephants and Komodo dragons on a remote island in Indonesia 18,000 years ago.

Australian and Indonesian researchers discovered bones of the miniature humans in a cave on Flores Island east of Bali and midway between Asia and Australia.

It was the year 2003, that scientists discovered the first skeletons at Flores and determined they belonged to a species of human, completely new to science. These ancestors were named Homo floresiensis, after the Island where they were found. These tiny humans have been also called "hobbits," after the tiny mythical creatures from the Lord of the Rings books.

The original skeleton, a female, stood at just 1 meter (3.3 feet) tall, weighed about 25 kilograms (55 pounds), and was around 30 years old at the time of her death, 18,000 years ago.

The skeleton was found in the same sediment deposits on Flores that have also been found to contain stone tools and the bones of dwarf elephants, giant rodents, and Komodo dragons (lizards that can grow to 10 feet (3 meters) and that still live today).

Homo floresienses has been described as one of the most spectacular discoveries in paleoanthropology in half a century—and the most extreme human ever discovered.